Epoxy flooring is manufactured from polymer materials that begin their life as a liquid and can then be transformed through a chemical reaction into a solid polymer. Not only are these flooring forms mechanically sturdy, but once they become solid, they are often resistant to chemical elements, as well as being highly adhesive during the stage where they have changed from liquid to the solid form that you see today on many floors. Plus, a wide range of simple epoxy chemicals can be used to manufacture epoxy flooring.
Basically, however, any form of epoxy flooring system consists of two elements, a resin and a hardener.
- Resin – This is normally light in color and is almost transparent as well as almost odor-free.
- Hardeners – This color is much darker than the resin and will typically smell like ammonia.
However, when these two materials are mixed together in the correct way, they react chemically to each other and begin to bind together, and you will find that it can not be reversed once the shift reaction begins. They then shape a rigid plastic substance once the reaction has been completed.
The best thing about most epoxy flooring styles is that they are very sturdy and are capable of resisting all household chemicals as well as being resistant to mechanical shocks and scratching, etc. Finally, they are easy to maintain as well as to keep clean. There are three epoxy flooring styles available today and these are shown below.
- Industrial Floor Epoxy is typically thick and glossy and does not contain solvents or odors. However, when wet, it can become slippery.
- Water Bond Epoxy – This is thin compared to the epoxy coating mentioned below, either the industrial floor or rough coat. It is the most practical and most user-friendly of all three forms of epoxy flooring covering, although it does not mask holes or defects in the flooring. It can sometimes be used as a primer before laying the epoxy flooring for the industrial floor.
- This is a solvent-based epoxy and is thin again, but comes with an anti-slip grit mixed into it. Rough Coat Epoxy Unfortunately, this is only available in one color, brown, but it can be used with other epoxy flooring or alone.
The water-based version is the most widely used form of epoxy flooring for the home, as it is definitely the simplest to use as it consists of both the primer and/or top coat and is certainly perfect for use in garage areas.